The climate in Valencia, like the rest of municipalities in Bohol, belongs to the “fourth type”. This is characterized by not very pronounced maximum rainfall with a short dry season from one to three months and a wet season of nine to ten months. The dry season starts in February and lasts up to April sometimes extending up to the middle day of May. The coolest months are November and December while the hottest is between March and April. The heaviest rainfalls are from June to August and the rest of the year no pronounced rain period.
The temperature is relatively uniform that ranges from 26.2 to 27.7 degrees centigrade with a maximum of about 34.8 and a minimum of approximately 20.9 centigrade.
Valencia is composed of various landforms including undulating, gently sloping, rolling to hilly, and mountain areas. Coastal zones are the active tidal flats with nipa, mangrove, and pagatpat vegetation. Alluvial landforms are the level and nearly flat lands fringing the coastal zones, having slopes categories ranging zero to three percent, with an elevation of five to ten meters above sea level. This slope category covers 8.66% of the total area of the municipality.
Rolling and hilly landforms include undulating, gently sloping, rolling and hilly relief. Escarpments, foot sloops, river terraces, and in-filled valleys are the major types of rolling and hilly landforms found in Valencia. Rugged high peaks and ridges have slope of fifty percent and over and elevated at 200 meters above sea level.
About eleven percent, 1,498.16 has. of the total land area of Valencia has a slope between 0 to 8 percent, which are from level to undulating land. These areas are considered highly suitable for the production of annual crops, but also ideal for settlements. Land areas with slopes ranging from 8-18% which covers 40.06% of the town’s land area is characterized by moderately sloping to rolling terrain. This type of land can still be cultivated but requires intensive soil conservation measures to abate erosion. Areas under slope category are found scattered all over the municipality.
Lands that have slope of 18-30%, representing 17. 49 percent of the municipality’s total land area the hilly to rolling terrain. This type of land is recommended for production forest or commercial tree plantation. Lands bearing this slope are found in the middle portion of the municipality.
The remaining portion of land covering about 3,998.1175 has. representing 30.88 percent of the total land area of the municipality has a slope range of 30-50 percent and above. These lands are highly restricted for crop production or animal and is recommended for permanent forest cover.
Land Slope Category
Area (in has)
Percentage Distribution (%)
|Level to nearly (0-3%)Gently sloping to undulating (3-8%)Moderately sloping to rolling (8-18%)Strongly sloping to moderately steep (18-30%)Steep hills and mountains (30-50%)
Very steep hills and mountainous (50%>)
The plains are located just alongside extending as far as the Panangatan Valley. Beyond this area rolling plains bounded by hills and mountains. The highest mountain peak is located in barangay Maubo. High sloping areas are found in barangays Banderahan, Maubo, Taytay and Omjon particularly the side of the barangay that lie alongside the municipality of Carmen.
Four types of soil cover the lands of Valencia. These soils, which are basically clayey, are the following: Calape Clay Loam, Faraon Clay Loam, Ubay Clay and Batuan – Faraon Complex.
Soil Type Characteristics
|Calape Clay Loam||Recent alluvial deposits. Surface soil is brown to brownish gray, blocky, friable, and mottled red and gray silty clay. Depth is 60 to 80 centimeters. Subsoil is reddish brown gray, friable and blocky clay. Lower subsoil is brown and speckled gray, black and orange clay. Depth is 95 to 170 centimeters from the surface. Sustratumis a mixture of red-coated sand and gravel. Relief – nearly flat to undulating; drainage condition is fair to good; Vegetation; cultivated to rice, corn, sugar cane, cassava, vegetables, bananas and coconuts.|
|Faraon Clay||Faraon clay is found in well-drained area (calcareous hilly and mountain land). The surface is black with good coarse blocky granular structure; rich in organic matter and highly calcareous. The subsoil is yellowish brown to grayish brown; good coarse granular; more carbonates to gray; structureless, holly made up of carbonates. The bedrock substratum is hard coralline limestone; gray to almost white, structure less mass.|
|Ubay Clay||Residual soil from shale, sandstone and conglomerates. Surface soil – light reddish brown, dark brown to grayish brown, structure-less sandy loam. Gravels occasionally present. Depth is 20to 25, centimeters. Subsoil – reddish brown to dark grayish structure less gravely clay, sticky when wet and hard when dry. Iron concretions present. Depth is 45 to 65 centimeters from the surface.|
|Batuan Faraon Complex||Batuan – Faraon Complex is a conglomeration of Batuan Clay and Faraon Clay and possess the characteristics of the two soils. The soils is mainly derived from the underlying calcerous and sandstone and from the hills found all over the area. Drainage, especially in the lower areas is slow and impeded due to the impervious rocks beneath the soil thereby preventing water percolation. The soil is dark brown to grayish brown surface soils and brown to orange yellow, mellow columnar clay subsoil.|
|Valencia at a glance|
|Number of households:||4392|
|Land area:||10077 ha|
|Number of barangays:||35|
|Distance from Tagbilaran:||42 km|
|Banderahan (Upper Ginopolan)||957||145|
|Ginopolan (Ginopolan Proper)||802||126|